Hanuman Chalisa is a devotional song based on Lord Hanuman as the model devotee.
Hanuman (also known as Anjaneya and Maruti) is a Hindu deity and an ardent devotee of Lord Rama, a central character in the Sanskrit epic Ramayana.
OM SRI ANJENEYAYA VIDMAHE, VAYUPUTHRAYAA DHIMAHI, TANNO HANUMANTH PRACHODAYAT
Meaning: Om, Let me meditate on the son of Anjana, Oh, Very strong one, give me higher intellect, And let Hanuman illuminate my mind.
THE HANUMAN CHALISA
Hanuman Chalisa is a devotional song based on Lord Hanuman as the model devotee. It is a poem written by Tulsidas in the Awadhi language, and it is the best known Hindu text, apart from the Ramcharitmanas. The word “chalisa” is derived from “chalis” in Hindi, which means 40, as the Hanuman Chalisa has 40 verses.
Hanuman (also known as Anjaneya and Maruti) is a Hindu deity and an ardent devotee of Lord Rama, a central character in the Sanskrit epic Ramayana. Folk tales increasingly eulogize the powers of Hanuman and He is considered an avatar or reincarnation of Shiva.
The qualities of Hanuman, His strength, courage, wisdom, celibacy, devotion to Rama and the many names by which He was known is detailed in Hanuman Chalisa. There are more temples devoted to Hanuman than any other deity in India and recitation of Hanuman Chalisa is one of the common religious practices.
It is believed that the boy Tulasidas was fearful of evil spirits. His devoutness was challenged by fellow boys asking him to climb up 40 steps on a high platform in river Ganges in eerie circumstances. The boy accepted the challenge and climbed up the steps chanting the name of Hanuman in each step in a poetic manner.
By the time he reached near the idol of Hanuman, he surmounted his fears and created the Hanuman Chalisa by the way. Tulsidas says in the last stanza of Chalisa that whoever chants it with full devotion to Hanuman, will have Hanuman’s grace.
Amongst the Hindus of Northern India, it is a very popular belief that chanting the Hanuman Chalisa invokes Hanuman’s divine intervention in grave problems, including those concerning evil spirits and this belief is based in the Chalisa itself.
ABOUT THE AUTHOR TULSIDAS
Also known as Goswami Tulsidas, lived during 1532–1623 was a Hindu poet-saint, reformer and philosopher renowned for his devotion for Lord Rama. A composer of several popular works, he is best known for being the author of the epic Ramcharitmanas, a retelling of the Sanskrit Ramayana in the vernacular Awadhi. Tulsidas was acclaimed in his lifetime to be a reincarnation of Valmiki, the composer of the original Ramayana in Sanskrit.
Tulsidas lived permanently and died in the city of Varanasi. The Tulsi Ghat in Varnasi is named after him. He founded the Sankatmochan Temple dedicated to Hanuman in Varanasi, believed to stand at the place where he had the sight of Hanuman.
Tulsidas started the Ramlila plays, a folk-theatre adaption of the Ramayana. He has been acclaimed as one of the greatest poets in Hindi, Indian and world literature. The impact of Tulsidas and his works on the art, culture and society in India is widespread and is seen to date in vernacular language
LANGUAGE OF THE HANUMAN CHALISA
There are 2 couplets in the beginning and one couplet at the ending between the 40 verses of the Chalisa. The Chalisa details Hanuman in the order of his knowledge, devotion to Lord Rama and man without any desire. As with the case of devotional literature, Tulasidas starts the poem with two couplets praising his Guru (teacher). The language of Chalisa is in the refined Avandhi language.
THE HANUMAN CHALISA
Shri Guru Charan Sarooja-raj Nija manu Mukura Sudhaari
Baranau Rahubhara Bimala Yasha Jo Dayaka Phala Chari
Budhee-Heen Thanu Jannikay Sumirow Pavana Kumara
Bala-Budhee Vidya Dehoo Mohee Harahu Kalesha Vikaara
Jai Hanuman gyan gun sagar Jai Kapis tihun lok ujagar
Ram doot atulit bal dhama Anjaani-putra Pavan sut nama
Mahabir Bikram Bajrangi Kumati nivar sumati Ke sangi
Kanchan varan viraj subesa Kanan Kundal Kunchit Kesha
Hath Vajra Aur Dhuvaje Viraje Kaandhe moonj janehu sajai
Sankar suvan kesri Nandan Tej prataap maha jag vandan
Vidyavaan guni ati chatur Ram kaj karibe ko aatur
Prabu charitra sunibe-ko rasiya Ram Lakhan Sita man Basiya
Sukshma roop dhari Siyahi dikhava Vikat roop dhari lank jarava
Bhima roop dhari asur sanghare Ramachandra ke kaj sanvare
Laye Sanjivan Lakhan Jiyaye Shri Raghuvir Harashi ur laye
Raghupati Kinhi bahut badai Tum mam priye Bharat-hi-sam bhai
Sahas badan tumharo yash gaave Asa-kahi Shripati kanth lagaave
Sankadhik Brahmaadi Muneesa Narad-Sarad sahit Aheesa
Yam Kuber Digpaal Jahan te Kavi kovid kahi sake kahan te
Tum upkar Sugreevahin keenha Ram milaye rajpad deenha
Tumharo mantra Vibheeshan maana Lankeshwar Bhaye Sub jag jana
Yug sahastra jojan par Bhanu Leelyo tahi madhur phal janu
Prabhu mudrika meli mukh mahee Jaladhi langhi gaye achraj nahee
Durgaam kaj jagath ke jete Sugam anugraha tumhre tete
Ram dwaare tum rakhvare Hoat na agya binu paisare
Sub sukh lahae tumhari sar na Tum rakshak kahu ko dar naa
Aapan tej samharo aapai Teenhon lok hank te kanpai
Bhoot pisaach Nikat nahin aavai Mahavir jab naam sunavae
Nase rog harae sab peera Japat nirantar Hanumant beera
Sankat se Hanuman chudavae Man Karam Vachan dyan jo lavai
Sab par Ram tapasvee raja Tin ke kaj sakal Tum saja
Aur manorath jo koi lavai Sohi amit jeevan phal pavai
Charon Yug partap tumhara Hai persidh jagat ujiyara
Sadhu Sant ke tum Rakhware Asur nikandan Ram dulhare
Ashta-sidhi nav nidhi ke dhata As-var deen Janki mata
Ram rasayan tumhare pasa Sada raho Raghupati ke dasa
Tumhare bhajan Ram ko pavai Janam-janam ke dukh bisraavai
Anth-kaal Raghuvir pur jayee Jahan janam Hari-Bakht Kahayee
Aur Devta Chit na dharehi Hanumanth se hi sarve sukh karehi
Sankat kate-mite sab peera Jo sumirai Hanumat Balbeera
Jai Jai Jai Hanuman Gosahin Kripa Karahu Gurudev ki nyahin
Jo sat bar path kare kohi Chutehi bandhi maha sukh hohi
Jo yah padhe Hanuman Chalisa Hoye siddhi sakhi Gaureesa
Tulsidas sada hari chera Keejai Nath Hridaye mein dera
Pavan Tanay Sankat Harana Mangala Murati Roop
Ram Lakhana Sita Sahita Hriday Basahu Soor Bhoop